Digital Glossary

For all those new to digital jargon, we’ve broken it down for you.

Adobe Digital Editions: A free application for PC and Mac computers in which you can read and manage epub and pdf ebooks, either unprotected or with Adobe DRM.

Android: Developed by Google, this is the operating system of many mobile devices, smartphones and tablets, including Kindle Fire, Nook Color and Kobo Vox.

DRM: (Digital Rights Management) system is designed to protect ebook files from being opening by unauthorised users or on unauthorised devices. For example you can’t read Kindle ebooks on a Nook or a Nook ebook on a Kindle, because they have different DRMs.

E Ink (Electronic Ink): The use of actual ink particles to create crisp, print-like text similar to what you see in a physical book on an electronic device.

Ebook (e-book, ebook): An electronic book. It is a digital file, which may consist not only of text and pictures, but also video and audio elements.

Epub (ePub, EPUB): The most popular type of a file format in which ebooks are prepared. Text in .epub files can be optimised for a specific device. You can change the font size and typeface. The file extension is .epub

Ereader (e-reader, eReader; electronic reader): This is an electronic device designed specifically to read ebooks. Examples of e-readers are the Kindle, Kobo, iPad, Nook etc.

Gesture Kit: Is a java-based coding framework

HTML (Hypertext Mark-Up Language): This is the language used to create documents on the World Wide Web.

Hyper-link: A link between one element in an electronic document (including a web page) to another.

ISBN (International Standard Book Number): This is a 13-digit  or 10-digit number that uniquely identifies books and book-like products published internationally.

Interactive ebook: An ebook with functionality beyond that of the vanilla ePub, such as javascript-powered interactive maps, audio, video, as well as HTML 5 features such as sketchpads and wordsearches.

JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group): This is an image file often used for compressing still images. It is saved as a .jpeg

Mobi (mobipocket): This is a type of a digital file format, which can be read on Kindle ereaders. The file extension is .mobi

URL (Uniform Resource Locator). This refers to the series of characters that identify a web page (i.e. the address of that page on the web that is entered into the browser).